Description[ edit ] Despite the common appellation of Speed Graphic, various Graphic models were produced between and Because of the focal plane shutter, the Speed Graphic can also use lenses that do not have shutters known as barrel lenses. Setting the focal plane shutter speed required selecting both a slit width and a spring tension. Each exposure required the photographer to change the film holder , open the lens shutter , cock the focal plane shutter, remove the dark slide from the inserted film holder, focus the camera, [a] and release the focal plane shutter.
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The Speed Graphic was engineered for general purpose commercial photography such as wedding, portaiture, product, documentary, advertising and landscape photography. With the Speed Graphic, a 4x5 Super-D Graflex, one reflector flood light, one background light and a primitive darkroom, I became a commercial photographer.
The Speed Graphic camera has two shutters - focal plane and in-lens; three viewfinders - optical, wire frame and ground glass; interchangeable lenses; a rise and fall front; lateral shifts; a coupled rangefinder; and a double extension bellows adaptable to lenses from 90mm to over mm. The Speed Graphic looks complicated, but is a one of the simplest and most flexible cameras made. However, once you get used to it, it is amazingly easy to use.
The result was the original Speed Graphic of The concept of having two separate shutters was a new idea. The focal plane shutter was the same as used in the Graflex, the front in-lens shutter provided extra versatility. Because both shutters can not be used at the same time, there is possibility of confusion. Experienced Speed Graphic users find selection of shutters second nature. The new features included the coupled rangefinder and flash solenoid to use the then popular flashbulb.
The bed would drop past horizontal, allowing the use of the then new wide angle lenses. The Speed Graphic was the still camera of World War II, and took many famous images striking today for their technical and artistic beauty.
On the home front, Arthur Fellig, aka. Weegee, prowled the streets of New York with his Speed Graphic. All-American made. I always use a flashbulb for my pictures which are mostly taken at night If you are puzzled about the kind of camera to buy, get a Speed Graphic In , the Pacemaker Speed Graphic was introduced bristling with new features such as a body mounted shutter release and simplified focal plane shutter now with 6 normal speeds rather than the 24 speeds possible before.
This back, the standard for 4x5" view cameras today accepts sheet film holders, roll film adaptors, the now obsolete film pack, cut film magazines the Grafmatic and the Polaroid back. In this sense, there is a kinship between the Speed Graphic and 35mm gear. The 4x5" Speed Graphic could not be farther from modern 35mm gear in terms of construction or configuration.
The company name changed several times over the years as it was absorbed and then released by the Kodak empire, finally becoming a division of the Singer Corporation and then dissolved in
GRAFLEX Camera Manuals
Samurg Email to dpeed Share on Facebook — opens in a new window or tab Share on Twitter — opens in a new window or tab Share on Pinterest — opens in a new window or tab. The little original was only 5. I have reprinted it at 8. There are 91 items available. For additional information, see the Global Shipping Program terms and conditions — opens in a new window or tab This amount includes applicable customs duties, taxes, brokerage sped other fees. Learn More — opens in a new window or tab.
Most of these soldiers held a photographic related profession in civilian life. And many motion picture cameramen too. It was a logical choice, even for the Army, to send these man to the Signal Corps branch. These citizen soldiers were teamed up to form specific photo units. Their purpose: film and photograph the war. To document everything from generals shaking hands at a ceremony to the lowest GI being shot at. Even sometimes putting their own lives in danger to get an action documented.