KONVENSI BERN PDF

Content[ edit ] The Berne Convention requires its parties to treat the copyright of works of authors from other parties to the convention known as members of the Berne Union at least as well as those of its own nationals. For example, French copyright law applies to anything published or performed in France, regardless of where it was originally created. In addition to establishing a system of equal treatment that harmonised copyright amongst parties, the agreement also required member states to provide strong minimum standards for copyright law. Copyright under the Berne Convention must be automatic; it is prohibited to require formal registration. However, Moberg v Leygues a decision of a Delaware Federal District Court held that the protections of the Berne Convention are supposed to essentially be "frictionless," meaning no registration requirements can be imposed on a work from a different Berne member country.

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Content[ edit ] The Berne Convention requires its parties to treat the copyright of works of authors from other parties to the convention known as members of the Berne Union at least as well as those of its own nationals. For example, French copyright law applies to anything published or performed in France, regardless of where it was originally created. In addition to establishing a system of equal treatment that harmonised copyright amongst parties, the agreement also required member states to provide strong minimum standards for copyright law.

Copyright under the Berne Convention must be automatic; it is prohibited to require formal registration. However, Moberg v Leygues a decision of a Delaware Federal District Court held that the protections of the Berne Convention are supposed to essentially be "frictionless," meaning no registration requirements can be imposed on a work from a different Berne member country. Often determining the country of origin is straightforward: when a work is published in a party country and nowhere else, this is the country of origin.

There are exceptions for cinematic and architectural works. It is not clear what this may mean for determining "country of origin". In Kernel v. Mosley , a U. However other U. Countries under the older revisions of the treaty may choose to provide their own protection terms, and certain types of works such as phonorecords and motion pictures may be provided shorter terms. This is commonly known as "the rule of the shorter term ". Not all countries have accepted this rule.

The minimum standards of protection relate to the works and rights to be protected[ edit ] As to works, protection must include "every production in the literary, scientific and artistic domain, whatever the mode or form of its expression" Article 2 1 of the Convention.

Copyright exceptions and limitations[ edit ] The Berne Convention includes a number of specific copyright exceptions, scattered in several provisions due to the historical reason of Berne negotiations.

For example, Article 10 2 permits Berne members to provide for a "teaching exception" within their copyright statutes. The exception is limited to a use for illustration of the subject matter taught and it must be related to teaching activities.

The three-step test establishes three requirements: that the legislation be limited to certain 1 special cases; 2 that the exception does not conflict with a normal exploitation of the work, and c that the exception does not unreasonably prejudice the legitimate interests of the author. The Berne Convention does not expressly reference doctrines such as fair use or fair dealing , leading some critics of fair use to argue that fair use violates the Berne Convention.

The WTO Panel has ruled that the standards are not incompatible. However, the Agreed Statement of the parties to the WIPO Copyright Treaty of states that: "It is understood that the mere provision of physical facilities for enabling or making a communication does not in itself amount to communication within the meaning of this Treaty or the Berne Convention. Treaties featuring exceptions for libraries and educational institutions are also being discussed.

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Dalam konvensi yang dilaksanakan pada tanggal 18 Maret ini dilakukan pembahasan terkait perlindungan hasil kekayaan industrial untuk rakyat suatu negara di negara-negara lain. Untuk melindungi hasil kekayaan intelektual tersebut maka negara peserta mengajukan desain industri, merek dagang, paten maupun model utilitas untuk produk-produknya. Pada mulanya Konvensi Paris hanya ditandatangani oleh 11 sebelas negara, namun saat ini konvensi ini telah ditandatangani oleh negara. Konvensi yang diterbitkan pada tahun ini diterbitkan sebagai akibat tenggelamnya kapal RMS Titanic pada tanggal 15 April di Samudra Atlantik Utara. Isi dari konvensi ini adalah mengenai pengaturan jumlah peralatan keselamatan yang dibutuhkan untuk prosedur penyelamatan.

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Berne Convention

Sebelum penerapan Konvensi Bern, undang-undang hak cipta biasanya berlaku hanya bagi karya yang diciptakan di dalam negara bersangkutan. Akibatnya, misalnya ciptaan yang diterbitkan di London oleh seorang warga negara Inggris dilindungi hak ciptanya di Britania Raya, namun dapat disalin dan dijual oleh siapapun di Swiss; demikian pula sebaliknya. Konvensi Bern mengikuti langkah Konvensi Paris pada tahun , yang dengan cara serupa telah menetapkan kerangka perlindungan internasional atas jenis kekayaan intelektual lainnya, yaitu paten, merek, dan desain industri. Sebagaimana Konvensi Paris, Konvensi Bern membentuk suatu badan untuk mengurusi tugas administratif. Konvensi Bern direvisi di Paris pada tahun dan di Berlin pada tahun , diselesaikan di Bern pada tahun , direvisi di Roma pada tahun , di Brussels pada tahun , di Stockholm pada tahun dan di Paris pada tahun , dan diubah pada tahun Pada Januari , terdapat negara anggota Konvensi Bern.

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