ASEPSIS AND ANTISEPSIS IN SURGERY PDF

History[ edit ] The modern concept of asepsis evolved in the 19th century through multiple individuals. Ignaz Semmelweis showed that hand washing prior to delivery reduced puerperal fever. Despite this, many hospitals continued to practice surgery in unsanitary conditions, with some surgeons taking pride in their bloodstained operating gowns. It was not until after reading of the findings by Louis Pasteur that Joseph Lister introduced the use of carbolic acid as an antiseptic, and in doing so, reduced surgical infection rates. Ernst von Bergmann also introduced the autoclave , a device used for the practice of the sterilization of surgical instruments.

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Medical asepsis is the reduction of the number of disease-causing agents and their spread. Methods of Medical Asepsis Isolation of the patient Hand washing Hand washing is an important aspect of the medical asepsis. If you are a healthcare professional it is good to keep your nails short and always make sure that breaches of the skin are properly covered.

Wash the hands in running water with soap. Figure Hand Washing Increasing the awareness among visitors and relatives Use of gloves, masks, and gowns Use of chemical agents What is Surgical Asepsis? The complete elimination of the disease-causing agents and their spores from the surface of an object is called surgical asepsis. Surgical asepsis is a more complex process than its counterpart.

The proper maintenance and preparation of the environment, surgical equipment, personnel involved in the procedure as well as the adequate cleaning of the surgical site are very vital factors to be taken care of when surgical asepsis is carried out.

Figure Surgical Instruments During the procedure, all the participants are required to follow a set of precautionary steps in order to prevent the contamination of the sterile environment. One of the easiest and probably the most important step is to minimize the number of personnel taking part in the procedure and keeping the conversations at a minimum as much as possible.

At the same time movements inside the theater also should be reduced. Use of non-perforating devices is encouraged. Since both scrubbed and non-scrubbed staffs are attending the procedure, non-scrubbed staff should maintain a fair distance away from the scrubbed staff. Both surgical and medical asepsis are followed in order to minimize the risk of the patient getting an infection as result of any surgical or medical intervention. Surgical vs Medical Asepsis Medical asepsis is the reduction of the number of disease-causing agents and their spread.

Surgical asepsis is the complete elimination of the disease-causing agents and their spores from the surface of an object. Techniques The techniques used in the process are called clean techniques.

In surgical asepsis, sterile techniques are used. Occasions This procedure is carried out in the administration of enemas, medications, tube feedings, etc. Sterile techniques are followed in changing dressings of a wound, catheterization, and surgeries. The difference between surgical and medical asepsis depends on the extent to which disease-causing agents are controlled. Image Courtesy: 1.

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